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Fellow (1 September 2004 - 30 Juni 2005)
Most of the fellowship period was spent on the completion of a book manuscript on German philosophical cosmopolitanism in the eighteenth century. Three chapters were written and revised. First, I wrote a chapter on the cultural cosmopolitanism of Georg Forster (1754-1794) and his disagreement with Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) over the concept of 'race'. This chapter serves to highlight Forster's radical egalitarianism and to compare this with Kant's views on race. I point out Kant's initial racial hierarchialism and its inconsistency with his own universalist premises.
I also argue, however, against the standard reading in the Kant literature, that Kant changed his views radically - in a more egalitarian direction - towards the end of his life. Second, I wrote a chapter on economic cosmopolitanism, especially as this can be found in the work of Dietrich Hermann Hegewisch (1746-1812). On the basis of evidence that several anonymously published papers on economic theory were all written by Hegewisch, I show that free market cosmopolitanism was present and influential in Germany much earlier than commonly thought. Third, I revised a chapter on the romantic cosmopolitanism of Novalis (Georg Philipp Friedrich von Hardenberg, 1772-1801). Additionally, I did editorial work on a volume, Immanuel Kant on Politics, Peace, and History, for Yale University Press. Finally, I wrote a paper on the relationship between philosophy and politics.
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