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Marisa Anne Bass. Born in the USA, in 1981. Ph.D. from Harvard University. Assistant Professor of the History of Art & Archaeology at Yale University.
Fellow (Feb - June 2017)
Before the advent of modern science, what did it mean to pursue the study of the natural world? During the Renaissance, animals, plants, and insects were still largely understood as manifestations of divine creation. At the time when natural history was anything but purely empirical, what motivated artists and scholars to engage in the encyclopedic cataloguing of species?
The impulse to understand mankind through the lens of the natural world recurs throughout human history. This project tells the story of how the Renaissance artist Joris Hoefnagel, responding to the turbulent Dutch Revolt in the Netherlands, created a vast visual encyclopedia of nature as a means to understand the human and divine forces in the conflict surrounding him. In his hometown of Antwerp, Hoefnagel witnessed firsthand the violence of war and the restrictive pressures the Spanish inquisition, which impacted his own friends and family. In endeavoring to process his experience, Hoefnagel turned to the depiction of nature’s transformations, the life cycles of animals and insects, as a concealed medium through to explore true faith and wisdom, and to regain a hope of salvation.
“Patience Grows: The First Roots of Joris Hoefnagel’s Emblematic Art,” in The Anthropomorphic Lens: Anthropomorphism, Microcosmism and Analogy in Early Modern Thought and Visual Arts, eds. Walter S. Melion, Bret Rothstein, and Michel Weemans (Leiden: Brill, 2014), pp. 145-178.
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